Bigger Pictures

To enlarge a photo, click on it.
To return to this page, click outside the photo.

Friday, May 26, 2017

Session Two: Art of the Lowlands

In the 1300s and 1400s, the countries we now know as The Netherlands and Belgium did not have separate identities.
  • They were part of an area known generally as the Lowlands. 
  • The economy was centered in Bruges and Antwerp, cities now in Belgium.

The Lowlands developed its own style of art, with its own values.
  • Early Netherlandish art was less influenced by the humanistic revolution than Renaissance Italy, and more closely tied to the religious art of the recent past. 
  • Netherlandish artists used a variety of naturalistic pictorial techniques that are unsurpassed for their subtlety and nuance. Scenes have dazzling details of microscopic verisimilitude.

The signature technique of Netherlandish art was the use of oil-based paints. 
  • The earliest forms of paint consisted of mixing ground pigment in a base of eggs, either yolks or whites, or a mixture. Making paint was a difficult procedure. 
  • Netherlandish artists began mixing their pigments in fine oil, usually linseed oil. Not only was this more convenient, but it enabled them to use tiny brushstrokes and to blend them invisibly. 
  • Legend credits Jan van Eyck with the invention of oil-based paint; he certainly brought its use to a peak of refinement, and it was through his famous paintings that oils became known to the painters of Renaissance Italy.

By the 1600s, the term 'Netherlands' was used to specifically identify a protestant region in the north and that had unified and organized. 

The Netherlands entered a period of booming prosperity known as the Golden Age. This was a great time for art.

**Following is a series of links to separate articles on 4 different museums.
    When you finish each article, close the window to return to this page.

The Louvre has significant examples of Netherlandish and Dutch painting.

Art of the Lowlands at the Louvre

To continue the story of Dutch painting, we turn to the museums of Holland.

No comments:

Post a Comment